What is Postfix Relay ?
Postfix is a flexible mail server that is available on most Linux distribution. Though a full feature mail server, Postfix can also be used as a simple relay host to another mail server, or smart host. In this post we will describe how to configure Postfix as a relay through Gmail.
Simple Authentication and Security Layer (SASL) is a standard authentication framework supported by many services including Postfix.
Basic Requirements :
- CentOS 7 or Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7
- Valid Gmail or Google App credentials
Our Scenario :
Server Name – dlp.server.world
IP – 192.168.0.100
Step 1 : Install the packages like : Mailx, Postfix & SASL Authetication framework.
[#] yum -y install Postfix mailx cyrus-sasl-plain
Step 2 : Postfix will need to be restarted before the SASL framework will be detected.
[#] systemctl start postfix
[#] systemctl restart postfix
Step 3 : Postfix should also be set to start on boot.
[#] systemctl enable postfix
Step 4 : Open the
Now install the following lines at the end of the file.
myhostname = dlp.server.world relayhost = [smtp.gmail.com]:587 smtp_use_tls = yes smtp_sasl_auth_enable = yes smtp_sasl_password_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/sasl_passwd smtp_tls_CAfile = /etc/ssl/certs/ca-bundle.crt smtp_sasl_security_options = noanonymous smtp_sasl_tls_security_options = noanonymous
Step 5 : Configure the Postfix SASL Credentials
In this scenario we are using gmail as a postfix relay, so gmail credentials must now be added for authentication. Create a
/etc/postfix/sasl_passwd file and add following line:
The username and password values must be replaced with valid Gmail credentials. The
sasl_passwd file can now be saved and closed.
A Postfix lookup table must now be generated from the
sasl_passwd text file by running the following command.
[#] postmap /etc/postfix/sasl_passwd
Access to the
sasl_passwd files need to be restricted for the security purpose.
[#] chown root:postfix /etc/postfix/sasl_passwd*
[#] chown 640 /etc/posfix/sasl_passwd*
Now reload the Postfix configuration.
[#] systemctl reload postfix
Step 6 : Now we will the test by sending the test mail to email id
[#] echo ” this is a test mail.” | mail -s “test message” firstname.lastname@example.org
The destination address should receive the test message.
maillog can be reviewed if the test message is not successfully delivered. Open another shell and run
tail while performing another test.
[#] tail -f /var/log/maillog
If there are not enough details in the
maillog to determine the problem, then the debug level can be increased by adding the following lines to the
The Postfix configuration must be reloaded after updating the
[#] systemctl reload postfix.
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Postfix Relay Successfully Completed !!!!!!!!!!!!!